Simple Homemade Chicken Feed

Looking for an alternative to expensive and musty bags of commercial grain mix for your chickens? Here is a permaculture approach to homemade chicken food that you and your budget will love! | areturntosimplicity.comGood Lord, but baby chicks are just the most adorable thing.

Almost as adorable as toddlers playing with said baby chicks.

Looking for an alternative to expensive and musty bags of commercial grain mix for your chickens? Here is a permaculture approach to homemade chicken food that you and your budget will love! | areturntosimplicity.com

Actually, in reality, Finn was rather disgusted with the little flapping balls of fluff, and would quickly brush or kick them away if they got too close.

As a complete side note- isn’t my yard full of violets beautiful? Who needs grass? 🙂

When we decided to start our new flock with a very versatile and dual purpose breed that will be useful for breeding, egg laying, and butchering, I knew I wanted to feed them very intentionally and as close to nature’s method as possible.

Definitely not the bags of medicated chick “crumble” that are most common at the local feed stores. 

So I dove deeply into research on the subject, and quickly became rather boggled with all the MANY ingredient recipes for homemade chicken feed.

Wow.

Fish meal, split peas, fava beans, sesame seeds, etc. You name it, and the recipes call for it. All kinds of different grains, legumes, seeds, and fish products with varying levels of protein.

All I could think was: complicated and expensive. 

So, I dug FURTHER into research. My parameters were simple:

  • As close to nature as possible
  • Non-gmo, and preferable organic
  • Simple ingredient list that I can eventually produce here on the homestead

It turns out the what chicks really need is a diet fairly high in protein.

The typical chick “starter” feed is around 20% protein and is fed until the chicks are around 10 weeks old. Then, if you are raising egg laying chickens,  a “grower” feed is used which is more like 15-16% protein. Once the chickens start laying eggs, a 15-16% protein level is sustained, but calcium is added in for egg development. For meat chickens, a slightly higher 18% protein is usually sustained until butchering time.

However, in my observations of my free range laying hens, I have realized, that, when given a chance to forage on her own, laying hens prefer to eat a MUCH higher level of protein that 15-16%.

Justin at Abundant Permaculture has observed that some of his chickens will eat almost a 70% protein diet when given free ranging capabilities! Wow. Are we ever off the mark with our feed mixes, or what? Not to mention that pre-mixed bags of chicken feed are heat processed, which takes all the “live” element out of them.

With my laying hens, I am beginning to use a combination of these methods from Justin to ditch commercial feed completely.

  • My chickens have a 1/3 an acre of permanent woodland they can freely range in at any time.
  • I have a series of compost piles set up in their “run” where they obtain a large portion of their food supply. I add garden weeds and table scraps that they eat, along with the bugs and worms in the composting material.
  • A few chickens are occasionally used as tilling and weeding devices in various places around the property. They are put in a lightweight and movable frame covered with chicken wire, and moved around the area for a few hours before being returned to their permanent run.
  • Currently, we are supplementing the compost and free ranging with a small amount of fermented whole grains. Our mix varies, but right now it is cracked corn, wheat berries, and oat groats.
  • I grow sunflowers, and soon (hopefully next year) will be growing amaranth for a supplemental winter feed. Eventually, we will be growing small patches of grain here on the homestead, and a small portion of that will replace the grain I am buying and fermenting right now.
  • Turnips are also grown for winter fodder because they fit easily in all the open spaces between other vegetables, and are the perfect “winter keeper” vegetable.
  • Calcium in the form of crushed oyster shell is provided for the laying hens, along with free choice kelp meal for a mineral supplement.
  • Garlic and apple cider vinegar (see how you can make your own ACV!) are added weekly for regulating health.

We have a solid plan and system for a laying hens, and I am loving it, BUT I needed to tweak it a bit for our mail order chicks.

Looking for an alternative to expensive and musty bags of commercial grain mix for your chickens? Here is a permaculture approach to homemade chicken feed that you and your budget will love! | areturntosimplicity.com

Since they had no mama hen to scratch and peck food for them, I had to become their “mama hen”.

The chicks get the same fermented grain mix of corn, wheat, and oats that the rest of the chickens get, the same ACV and garlic supplements, and a bit of kelp. Once they turn a week old, we let them out to do some supervised free ranging in the yard. This helps teach them foraging skills, provides some protein from bugs and worms, and some fresh greenery. To supplement the rest of their needs (they can’t be free ranging all the time yet), they also get some of the meat we usually save for dog food. I dice and chop it into tiny pieces, and mix it with some raw milk or whey, and any leftover rice or oatmeal we might have on hand. (Toddlers are great at leaving nice globs in their highchair, and these are perfect for the chicks!) I also occasionally add in a cooked or raw egg or some yogurt. It just depends on what we have an excess of at the time.

Looking for an alternative to expensive and musty bags of commercial grain mix for your chickens? Here is a permaculture approach to homemade chicken feed that you and your budget will love! | areturntosimplicity.com

The grain provides base calories, and the foraging and meat provide the extra protein the chicks need to grow and develop. Once they get a bit older, they will be put in with the hens, and given the same food the hens are. The calcium (oyster shell) is not mixed in with the grain, and the chickens only eat it if they need it, so it will not be ingested by the baby chicks.

I will be tracking closely the progress of the roosters as they progress towards butchering, and the hens as they grow and begin to lay. It will be so interesting to compare to my past experiences of raising chicks on commercial feed mixes!

Looking for an alternative to expensive and musty bags of commercial grain mix for your chickens? Here is a permaculture approach to homemade chicken feed that you and your budget will love! | areturntosimplicity.com

Do you feed your chickens commercial mixed grain, a many ingredient homemade feed, or do you use a different method?

This post has been shared at Tuesdays With a Twist, Down Home Blog Hop, The Home Acre Hop, From the Farm Hop, Old Fashioned Fridays, Simple Saturdays, Simply Natural Saturdays, Maple Hill hopWildcrafting Wednesday, and The Art of Homemaking

 

 

 

  
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19 responses to “Simple Homemade Chicken Feed”

  1. Lady Locust says:

    I am so glad you posted this! I get my feathers ruffled:) when in the grocery store I see vegetarian fed chicken eggs. Chickens are not vegetarians! You can even ‘hunt’ and feed small rodents to them from mice to rabbits. Also, they are great slug eating machines.
    One other note, if you plant amaranth, be careful where you start it. At least here it can become a weed.

    • Good to know about the amaranth! I think I might plant it in or right next to the chicken run, so that it can go crazy, and they can just harvest it themselves. 🙂

    • karen wyant says:

      I love amaranth for greens. It grows wild in my garden. Cut the top as soon as big enough to eat-and before it goes to seed. At that point choose a few plants to self seed and pull up the rest if you have a small garden. It is also known as red root and pigweed. Tons of vitamins and good also stir fry. Many times I make a huge pot adding lambs quarters. dock, wild lettuce,etc. all while young. wonderful frozen for winter in sandwich bags. Good cooked with potatoes and onion, garlic too. Top with a bit of vinegar and a crumble of bacon. Some people LOVE a spoon of mayo on top. cornbread on the side.. Dries branches of large plants crumble up with your chicken feed for winter.
      Eatin free. Karen Thanks for your info. Starting 4 baby leghorns this week. LOVE this breed as they begin laying at 4 months. Half the size of the other hens. Eat 1/2 as much feed, the eggs have all the same vitamins and minerals as all the other breeds and NO blood spots or meat spots. WIN,win. I am 73 and cutting way back on the work load. Raising these babies-girls- in my dog carrier cage with a nice soft mat in the floor with litter from chopped wheat stalks and a wooden dowell through the long side of cage. EASY to carry out for fresh grass and exercise. When they are about to lay I will put a new dog house on the end and keep it opened for their nests.. My last batch was 180 hens and 5 roosters. ALL of the wonderful breeds. Miss them so much(sold to all free range farms last fall.) Could no longer trudge through the freezing mud and snow. Now I will still be able to have chickens and GOOD eggs. Tried all the gunk from the store and could not find any of them edible!Always a farmer, karen wyant

  2. I love this, thank you so much for posting! I don’t have chickens yet, but someday I hope to get them and I know that when I do I’m going to want to be able to produce most of their feed on my property, to this list is very helpful. Thank you.

  3. Mandi says:

    Thank you for sharing! We free range and supplement with layer pellets, but I’ve been looking for alternatives.

  4. Deborah says:

    We just received our chicks (first time) two weeks ago and I too searched for natural alternatives. I ended up not even providing a heat lamp but rather a heating pad set up to mimic a mama hen and they seem to love it. We ferment their feed we bought from scratch and peck (not brave enough to make my own but hopefully soon) and have allowed them to free-range since week one. So far we have happy little chicks! Thank you for your great post!

  5. Erin Blegen says:

    I too feel that waaaaay too much emphasis is put on “what to feed and this percentage of this and that” is stressed out there regarding chicken feed. My chickens free range all day every day (when we’re not buried in snow), we also compost directly in their run (so it’s available to them during the winter), and feed them fermented feed. I’ve been looking for an easy homemade feed recipe for a while but like you, found they include far too many products not readily available where I live- which meant ordering online and paying a ton of money.

    I also know that GMO-free corn is pretty much nonexistent (except for a couple of the cool colored corn varieties offered by companies like Baker Creek- but I just don’t have the room available in my garden for a field of my own home grown corn), so I would love to figure out how to eliminate that as well.

    Anyways, my biggest roadblock at the moment is figuring out what to provide November- April when they can’t range due to our wicked winters. I like your idea of turnips :).

    Good luck with your babies! Thanks for sharing 🙂

    Erin
    http://www.yellowbirchhobbyfarm.com

    • Angi says:

      I completely understand, Erin! I am a bit frustrated with the lack of garden room for growing extra chicken food right now too. :)) Eventually we will get it figured out I hope!

  6. Lacey Schoeneman says:

    I make our chicken feed as well. Mine don’t free range as we have too many predators. They get all our table scraps and compost and their feed consists of a mix of oatmeal, cracked wheat, wheat berries, sunflower seeds, barley and split peas.

  7. aria says:

    a “70% protein diet ” will eventually cause kidney failure.

    given the option the majority of chicken breeds will eat things deadly poisonous to them and walk right up to predators unless raised by hens with experience of free ranging.

    each generation of naturally hatched and brooded hen will be better at teaching chicks about life than the last but they are not born with excellent instincts.

    proof: you need to show them how to drink water when first hatched or they’ll dehydrate and die within hours.

    domestic chickens are animals that have been specifically bred by humans for such a long time that they are far from their wild ancestors and mostly lack the skills to survive in the wild.

    context:
    I keep 12 laying hens, completely free range (they can walk over several 100 miles of hillside if they want to) and i hatch 20 odd birds for meat each year.
    they’re all welsummers, except the childrens 2 pets (orpingtons) orpingtons lay nicely and even in short daylight hours but can’t forage or avoid predators at all.

  8. amanda newlon says:

    Very interesting. I just got 4 chicks and it’s the first time I’ve done it so holding this will all help me on my “chicken journey” thank you all for sharing.

  9. tatendachihurii says:

    thanks.its helpful

  10. Genevieve Crosina says:

    Alfalfa hay is a great winter supplement when foraging is not an option.

  11. Becky says:

    What about feeding chicks wheat fodder ????

    • Angi says:

      Becky, fodder is an awesome food source that I am just now starting to learn more about! Do you have any tips for my readers? I am looking into starting a barley or wheat fodder growing system myself.

  12. Mary Askew says:

    Thank yall for all the great info as I am about to start making my own chicken feed and cut my ties with the commercial feed once and for all..!!
    GOD bless yall,
    Mary ✝?✝?

  13. Vicky says:

    Grow kale, chickens LOVE it! It doesn’t take up much room and what you don’t eat they will.

    I can’t free range here, my chickens get commercial feed, lots of kitchen and garden scraps, all the weeds from my garden, and access to the compost pile. Once the garden is harvested they get the whole area to pick and dig in all late fall, winter and early spring.

    • karen wyantI says:

      I love amaranth for greens. It grows wild in my garden. Cut the top as soon as big enough to eat-and before it goes to seed. At that point choose a few plants to self seed and pull up the rest if you have a small garden. It is also known as red root and pigweed. Tons of vitamins and good also stir fry. Many times I make a huge pot adding lambs quarters. dock, wild lettuce,etc. all while young. wonderful frozen for winter in sandwich bags. Good cooked with potatoes and onion, garlic too. Top with a bit of vinegar and a crumble of bacon. Some people LOVE a spoon of mayo on top. cornbread on the side.. Dries branches of large plants crumble up with your chicken feed for winter.
      Eatin free. Karen Thanks for your info. Starting 4 baby leghorns this week. LOVE this breed as they begin laying at 4 months. Half the size of the other hens. Eat 1/2 as much feed, the eggs have all the same vitamins and minerals as all the other breeds and NO blood spots or meat spots. WIN,win. I am 73 and cutting way back on the work load. Raising these babies-girls- in my dog carrier cage with a nice soft mat in the floor with litter from chopped wheat stalks and a wooden dowell through the long side of cage. EASY to carry out for fresh grass and exercise. When they are about to lay I will put a new dog house on the end and keep it opened for their nests.. My last batch was 180 hens and 5 roosters. ALL of the wonderful breeds. Miss them so much(sold to all free range farms last fall.) Could no longer trudge through the freezing mud and snow. Now I will still be able to have chickens and GOOD eggs. Tried all the gunk from the store and could not find any of them edible!Always a farmer, karen wyant

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